Why did australia fight in the vietnam war essay

After the election deadline passed, the military commanders in the North began preparing an invasion of the South. Diem was particularly feted by the Catholic community, as he pursued policies that discriminated in favour of the Catholic minority in his country and gave special powers to the Catholic Church. Following this the US began to send advisors to provide tactical and logistical advice to the South Vietnamese. At the same time, the US sought to increase the legitimacy of the South Vietnamese government by instituting the Many Flags program, hoping to counter the communist propaganda that South Vietnam was merely a US puppet state [10] and to involve as many nations as possible.

Why did australia fight in the vietnam war essay

Australia responded with 30 military advisers. By earlywhen it had become clear that South Vietnam could not stave off the communist insurgents and the North Vietnamese for more than a few months, the US commenced a major escalation of the war.

By the end of the year it had committedtroops to the conflict. As part of the build up, the US government requested support from other countries. Unlike 1RAR, the taskforce was assigned its own area of operations and included conscripts who had been called up under the National Service Scheme, introduced in All nine RAR battalions served in the taskforce at one time or another — at the height of Australian involvement it numbered some 8, troops.

The battle eliminated communist dominance over the province. The year began with a major offensive by the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army, launched during the Vietnamese lunar new year holiday period, known as "Tet". Not only the timing but the scale of the offensive came as a complete surprise, taking in cities, towns, and military installations in South Vietnam.

While the "Tet Offensive" ultimately ended in military defeat for the communists, it was propaganda victory. US military planners began to question if a decisive victory could ever be achieved and the offensive stimulated the US public opposition to the war.

For Australian troops, the effects of the offensive were felt around their base at Nui Dat, where a Viet Cong attack on targets around Baria, the provincial capital, was repulsed with few casualties. By anti-war protests were gathering momentum in Australia.

Explain why Australia became involved in the Vietnam War. | eNotes

Opposition to conscription mounted, as more people came to believe the war could not be won. While the invasion succeeded in capturing large quantities of North Vietnamese arms, destroying bunkers and sanctuaries, and killing enemy soldiers, it ultimately proved disastrous.

By bringing combat into Cambodia, the invasion drove many people to join the underground opposition, the Khmer Rouge, irreparably weakening the Cambodian government.

When the Khmer Rouge came to power in April it imposed a cruel and repressive regime that killed several million Cambodians and left the country with internal conflict that continues today.

History Essays - Australia In The Vietnam Era - Wattpad

The extension of the war into a sovereign state, formally neutral, inflamed anti-war sentiment in the United States and provided the impetus for further anti-war demonstrations in Australia. In the well-known Moratoriums ofmore thanpeople gathered to protest against the war, in cities and towns throughout the country.

By late Australia had also begun to wind down its military effort in Vietnam. The withdrawal of troops and all air units continued throughout — the last battalion left Nui Dat on 7 November, while a handful of advisers belonging to the Team remained in Vietnam the following year.

In December they became the last Australian troops to come home, with their unit having seen continuous service in South Vietnam for ten and a half years. The only combat troops remaining in Vietnam were a platoon guarding the Australian embassy in Saigon, which was withdrawn in June In early the communists launched a major offensive in the north of South Vietnam, resulting in the fall of Saigon on 30 April.

Why did australia fight in the vietnam war essay

In the previous month a RAAF detachment of Hercules transports flew humanitarian missions to aid civilian refugees displaced by the fighting and carried out the evacuation of Vietnamese orphans Operation Babyliftbefore finally taking out embassy staff on 25 April. The war was the cause of the greatest social and political dissent in Australia since the conscription referendums of the First World War.

Many draft resisters, conscientious objectors, and protesters were fined or gaoled, while soldiers met a hostile reception on their return home.Why did the USA become involved in the Vietnam War?

The Vietnam War was a military conflict that was fought in Southern Vietnam between and The Vietnam War was a military conflict that was fought in Southern Vietnam between and Why Did Australia Become Involved in the Vietnam War Essay Words | 4 Pages The Vietnam War which went from to involved America and its allies, including Australia, aiming to prevent South Vietnam from an invasion by the communist North Vietnaese.

The anti-war protest began in when the first Australian troops were sent to Vietnam to fight with America. Most of the protest/anti-war movement was strongly against conscription. Many of the trade unions called the governments support of America’s decisions and foreign policy in Vietnam ‘blood for dollars’, or ‘diggers for dollars’.

Australia's participation in the war was formally declared at an end when the Governor-General issued a proclamation on 11 January The only combat troops remaining in Vietnam were a platoon guarding the Australian embassy in Saigon, which was withdrawn in .

The anti-war protest began in when the first Australian troops were sent to Vietnam to fight with America. Most of the protest/anti-war movement was strongly against conscription. Many of the trade unions called the governments support of America’s decisions and foreign policy in Vietnam ‘blood for dollars’, or ‘diggers for dollars’.

The Vietnam War greatly changed America forever. It was the longest war fought in America’s history, lasting from to The Vietnam War tarnished America’s self image by becoming the first time in history the United States failed to accomplish its stated war aims, to preserve a separate, independent, noncommunist government.

Australian Involvement In The Vietnam War