A look at the metaphysical style of poetry used in the 20th century

Metaphysical poets The poet Abraham Cowley, in whose biography Samuel Johnson first named and described Metaphysical poetry The term metaphysical poets was coined by the critic Samuel Johnson to describe a loose group of 17th-century English poets whose work was characterized by the inventive use of conceitsand by a greater emphasis on the spoken rather than lyrical quality of their verse. These poets were not formally affiliated and few were highly regarded until 20th century attention established their importance. Given the lack of coherence as a movement, and the diversity of style between poets, it has been suggested that calling them Baroque poets after their era might be more useful. Origin of the name In the chapter on Abraham Cowley in his Lives of the Most Eminent English Poets —81Samuel Johnson refers to the beginning of the seventeenth century in which there "appeared a race of writers that may be termed the metaphysical poets".

A look at the metaphysical style of poetry used in the 20th century

The Danrin school Eighteenth century [ edit ] Classical poetry echoes the forms and values of classical antiquity. Favouring formal, restrained forms, it has recurred in various Neoclassical schools since the eighteenth century Augustan poets such as Alexander Pope.

Nineteenth century [ edit ] Pastoralism was originally a Hellenistic form, that romanticized rural subjects to the point of unreality.

Later pastoral poets like William Wordsworthwere inspired by the classical pastoral poets such as Edmund SpenserChristopher Marlowe. The Parnassians were a group of late 19th-century French poets, named after their journal, the Parnasse contemporain. In reaction to the looser forms of romantic poetry, they strove for exact and faultless workmanship, selecting exotic and classical subjects, which they treated with rigidity of form and emotional detachment.

Romanticism started in late 18th century Western Europe, but existed largely within the nineteenth. Wordsworth's and Coleridge's publication of Lyrical Ballads is considered by some as the first important publication in the movement.

Romanticism stressed strong emotion, imagination, freedom within or even from classical notions of form in art, and the rejection of established social conventions. It stressed the importance of "nature" in language and celebrated the achievements of those perceived as heroic individuals and artists.

Symbolism started in the late nineteenth century in France and Belgium. Symbolists believed that art should aim to capture more absolute truths which could be accessed only by indirect methods.

They used extensive metaphor, endowing particular images or objects with symbolic meaning. They were hostile to "plain meanings, declamations, false sentimentality and matter-of-fact description".

Movements : Poetry through the Ages

Modernist poetry is a broad term for poetry written between and in the tradition of Modernism. Schools within it include Imagism and the British Poetry Revival. Twentieth century [ edit ] The Imagists were predominantly young poets working in England and America in the early 20th century, including F.

They rejected Romantic and Victorian conventions, favoring precise imagery and clear, non-elevated language. Ezra Pound formulated and promoted many precepts and ideas of Imagism. The apparition of these faces in the crowd; Petals on a wet, black bough. The Objectivists were a loose-knit group of second-generation Modernists from the s.

Objectivists treated the poem as an object; they emphasised sincerity, intelligence, and the clarity of the poet's vision.Two 20th century anthologies have been important in defining the Metaphysical canon: Herbert Grierson’s Metaphysical Lyrics and Poems of the Seventeenth Century () and Helen Gardner's Metaphysical Poets ().

Metaphysical poetry is a little bit different. The poems classified in this group do share common characteristics: they are all highly intellectualized, use rather strange imagery, use frequent.

Modernist poetry in English started in the early years of the 20th century with the appearance of the Imagists. In common with many other modernists, these poets wrote in reaction to the perceived excesses of Victorian poetry, with its emphasis on traditional formalism and ornate diction.

Two 20th century anthologies have been important in defining the Metaphysical canon: Herbert Grierson’s Metaphysical Lyrics and Poems of the Seventeenth Century () [5] and Helen Gardner's Metaphysical Poets ().

Beginning with John Dryden, the metaphysical movement was a loosely woven string of poetic works that continued through the often-bellicose 18th century, and concluded when William Blake bridged the gap between metaphysical and romantic poetry.

A look at the metaphysical style of poetry used in the 20th century

Metaphysical poetry is a little bit different. The poems classified in this group do share common characteristics: they are all highly intellectualized, use rather strange imagery, use frequent.

Metaphysical poets - Wikipedia